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The Basics of Composting On Any Scale

Jun. 28, 2019

Composting has become a popular way to reduce waste and fertilize everything from small home gardens to large-scale farms and wineries.

Even municipalities are seeing benefits from composting. There are many similarities and differences between all sizes of composting operations.

Small-scale and medium-scale composting

This is typically done in homes or gardens and there are many methods that can be used. The space and materials available will vary with each, but if done correctly, they should always make a healthy product.

Direct composting

This is one of the easiest ways to compost because it allows nature to control the process. You should keep a separate container of compost for seedlings or transplants though.

o   If you are surface composting, you can use the plants already in your garden. Simply cut the plants down and wait for the roots and the top of the plant to decompose. Then, you can add mulch over the plant residue. By the next growing season, you should have healthy soil.

o   New garden beds can be created with layer composting, a method that uses a base of newspapers or cardboard, nitrogen-rich and carbon-rich materials, and mulch. You can speed up the process by covering the piles with black plastic. This method will require a large amount of material but is low-maintenance.

Container composting

Using containers to compost is popular for people living in the city, as well as on farms. There are many benefits to using this method, including using less space, keeping rain and pests out, and staying organized. Containers allow small and medium-scale composters more versatility. Here is some of the most important information you will need if you choose container composting.

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